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Fairfax County History

Virginia Room Research Last Updated: Jul 10, 2024 4:57 PM

Fairfax County Black History Resources

National Honor Society students from Luther Jackson High School, November 12, 1958.

Lawrence Lee drives a Huber tractor on his farm in Chantilly, Virginia in 1955.

Luther Jackson High School students dancing during a physical education class in 1956.

Vienna civil rights activist William McKinley Carter being honored at Patrick Henry Library in 1968.

Luther Jackson High School students pose in front of a fleet of FCPS school buses in 1958.

About This Guide

In 2021, the Virginia Room created a guide to research materials relating to Black history in Fairfax County, Virginia. While this guide aims to offer a robust selection of available resources, it is not exhaustive. Included are books, school yearbooks, oral histories, manuscript collections, photographs, and subject files available in the Virginia Room on local Black history. This guide will be periodically updated with additional resources.

The Fairfax County History Commission is currently creating a Fairfax County African American History Inventory identifying publications, documents, records and other materials that provide access into the histories of Black communities throughout historical Fairfax County.

In 2023, Fairfax County undertook a survey of surviving properties associated with African American history in the county. A draft report has been released entitled African American Historic Resources in Fairfax County: Reconnaissance Survey of Selected Individual Historic Resources and Historic Districts.

Resources Available in the Virginia Room

The following books on local Black History can be found in the Virginia Room.

Black Records

1850 Fairfax County and Loudoun County Va. Slave Schedule by P.B. Duncan
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 2003
Transcribed from National Archives records, entries provide the names of slave holders, number of enslaved people, and for each one their age, sex, color (Black or mulatto), and other information.

Registrations of Free Negroes Commencing Sept Court 1822 and Register of Free Blacks 1835 by Donald Sweig
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1977
This volume gives the full texts of the court orders releasing named individuals from slavery, with details as to their appearance and legal status in Virginia.

Black Civic Organizations

History of the Fairfax County Branch of the NAACP by E.B. Henderson
Call Number: VRARE 305.896 H

Publication Date: 1965
This booklet describes the growth of the local NAACP branch from 1915, when it was organized in response to a segregation ordinance of the Falls Church Town Council, until the 1960s when racial barriers began to fall.

Neighbors for a Better Community by Mary S. Gardiner
Call Number: VRARE 307.76 G
Publication Date: 1980
This book describes the origins and operations of this Dranesville organization founded “to foster harmony and cooperation" between Black and White residents. The organization sought to identify and correct problems in such areas as housing, employment and political rights. Available for download here.

Colored Citizens Association Fairfax County, VA. 13th Anniversary 1928-1941 Booklet
Original found in the Mary Goins Roots Collection, MSS 07-26
Publication Date: 1941
This booklet commemorates the Fairfax County Colored Citizens Association's 13th anniversary history and provides a fascinating timeline of their accomplishments. Available for download here.

Black History in Fairfax County

Historic Sites Significant to the Black Community in Fairfax County by Afro-American Institute for Historic Preservation
Call Number: VREF 975.529 A

Publication Date: 1983 
Sites identified and discussed in this study include Dr. E. B. Henderson, educator, author and activist; location of the house where the Fairfax NAACP was founded; the building that housed the first Black public school in Fairfax; and sites in Gum Springs.

Black Heritage Quilt Squares Identification by Black Women United for Action in Fairfax County
Call Number: VRARE 975.529 B

Publication Date: 1990
This booklet was prepared as a reference to the 25 panels of a quilt based on aspects of Black life in Fairfax under slavery and in freedom.

African American History in Mason District (2 volumes) by Naomi S. Zeavin
Call Number: VREF 975.529 A

Publication Date: 2005
This is a compilation of family and community history, citizen recollections, and memorabilia from the Mason District.

Feasibility Study: Black History Museum by The Center for History Now
Call Number: VREF 975.529 C
Publication Date: 1985
This is a study commissioned by the Fairfax County Park Authority relative to establishing a Black history museum at Gum Springs to preserve and interpret Black life and culture.

"Shades of Gray" : a beginning-- the origins and development of a Black family in Fairfax, Virginia by Hareem Badil-Abish
Call Number: VREF 929.2755 FAIR 2005
Publication Date: 2005
This family history is also a scholarly, highly illuminating narrative of the Black community of Fairfax County. It touches on the communities of Merrifield, Williamstown, The Pines, Vienna, Fairfax, Falls Church and Bailey’s Crossroads.

A History of Gum Springs, Virginia : a Report of a Case of Leadership in a Black Enclave by Judith Saunders Burton
Call Number: VREF 975.529 B
Publication Date: 1986
This doctoral dissertation is an in depth study of the Gum Springs community, including educational history and its challenges in the modern age.

Gum Springs: The Triumph of a Black Community by John Terry Chase
Call Number: VREF 975.529 C
Publication Date: 1990
This work tells how Gum Springs was transformed into a strong, Black community with remarkable community institutions.

History of Gum Springs by David Corbin
Call Number: VRARE 975.529 C
Publication Date: 1980
This is a bound photocopy of an unpublished manuscript that may contain information not included in the above volumes about the Gum Springs community.

Of Land & Labor : Gunston Hall Plantation Life in the 18th Century by M. Lauren Bisbee
Call Number: VREF 975.529 B
Publication Date: 1994
This well illustrated visitors booklet is devoted in large part to the lives of enslaved people on the Gunston Hall plantation.

Unequal Access : The Desegregation of Public Libraries in Northern Virginia by Chris Barbuschak and Suzanne LaPierre
Call Number: VREF 975.5291 Barbusc 2021
Publication Date: 2021
This report investigates the history of the desegregation of Northern Virginia's public libraries including Fairfax County Public Library. It is digitally available here.

Reston's African American Legacy. Volume 1 by Rev. LaVerne McCain Gill
Call Number: VREF 975.529 Gill 2017
Publication Date: 2017
This booklet profiles 39 notable Black residents who lived in Reston, Virginia. 

Free Negroes in Northern Virginia : An Investigation of the Growth and Status of Free Negroes in the Counties of Alexandria, Fairfax and Loudoun, 1770-1860 by Donald M. Sweig
Call Number: VRARE 975.529 S 1975
Publication Year: 1975
A history paper that examines the increasing population of Free Blacks in Northern Virginia from the 18th and 19th centuries and what their experiences were.

Northern Virginia Slavery : A Statistical and Demographic Investigation : Dissertation by Donald Sweig 
Call Number: VRARE 975.529 S

Publication Year: 1982
Sweig's detailed dissertation investigates slave families from the middle of the 18th century to the Civil War.

Slavery in Fairfax County, Virginia, 1750-1860 : A Research Report by Donald Sweig
Call Number: VRARE 975.529 S
Publication Year: 1983
This research report is an abridged version of Sweig's Northern Virginia Slavery study. It examines the familial and cultural experiences of enslaved people in Fairfax County.

Segregation, Suburbanization and the James Lee Community : Falls Church, Virginia by Ann Korzeniewski
Call Number: VREF 975.529 K 1991
Publication Year: 1991
A research paper that examines the history and development of the James Lee community, one of several historically Black districts in Fairfax County dating from the end of the Civil War.

African American Landowners, Churches, Schools and Businesses : Fairfax County Virginia (1860-1900) by Guinevere S. Jones
Call Number: VREF 975.529 J 2009
Publication Year: 2000 and 2009
This is a map that shows where some significant Black landmarks and communities once existed in Fairfax County. The map is not a definitive record of all historic sites.

Black Settlement in Forestville, Vienna and Lewinsville after the Civil War by Andrew Ting
Call Number: VREF 975.529 T
Publication Year: 1982
This research paper examines Black settlement after the Civil War in Forestville, Lewinsville, and Vienna in Fairfax County. The author conducted oral history interviews with descendants of some of the original inhabitants of these settlements as well as with local historians.

Flexibility and Profit in the Slave Hiring System in Fairfax County, Virginia, 1830-1860 by Elizabeth Brown Pryor
Call Number: VREF 975.529 P 1980
Publication Year: 1980
This is a draft paper which examines the history of slave hiring in the Fairfax County vicinity.

Searching for Sully's Enslaved : Sully Historic House--Fairfax County, Virginia by Beth Sansbury
Call Number: VREF 975.529 Sansbur 2020

Publication Year: 2020
This book examines the lives of those enslaved at Sully Historic Site in Chantilly.

Black Settlement in Fairfax County, Virginia, During Reconstruction by Andrew M. D. Wolf
Call Number: VREF 975.529 W

Publication Year: 1975
Wolf's study aims to locate Black settlements in the county which originated prior to and during the Reconstruction era, and how they were established and developed. The study relies on oral history interviews and primary documents.

Deeply Rooted : History's Lessons For Equity In Northern Virginia by Steven Woolf
Call Number: VREF 305.896 Woolf 2021

Publication Year: 2021
Recounts the long history of exclusion and segregation in Northern Virginia. Available for download here. 

Freedom Is Not Enough: African Americans In Antebellum Fairfax County by Curtis L. Vaughn
Call Number: VREF 975.529 Vaughn 2015

Publication Year: 2015
A dissertation on the lives of free African Americans during the post-Civil War era in Fairfax County. Available for download here. 

Black Churches

History of Pleasant Grove Methodist Church by Ruby Banks
Call Number: VRARE 287.6 B
This five page manuscript describes the origins of this church and tells its history beginning with the erection of the building in 1896.

Greater Little Zion Baptist Church Celebrates 100 Years
Call Number: VRARE 286.1755 G
Publication Date: 1991
This calendar with accompanying text and photos of ministers and congregants tells the story of this church and its predecessor Little Zion Baptist in Burke which was founded in 1891.

120th Anniversary First Baptist Church : 450 Orchard Street N.W., Vienna, Virginia 22180
Call Number: VRARE 286.1755 O
Publication Date: 1987
This booklet tells the story of the First Baptist Church that was founded after the Civil War through the backing of a Union veteran who settled in the community.

131st Church Anniversary : 1866-1997 : New Mt. Zoar Baptist Church Fairfax, Virginia.
Call Number: VRARE 286.1755 O
Publication Date: 1997
This booklet tells the story of the Mount Zoar Baptist Church whose origins date from about 1866.

Mount Calvary Baptist Church 135th Anniversary by Mount Calvary Baptist Church (Fairfax, Va.)
Call Number: VRARE 286.1755 M
Publication Date: 2005
This booklet was prepared to commemorate the founding of the congregation near the Fairfax County Courthouse in 1870.

Church Ledger, 1926-1942 (photocopy) by Second Baptist Church (Clifton, Va.)
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
This is a photocopy of a ledger book of the Second Baptist Church in Clifton and contains details of meetings relating to the governance of the congregation. Much interesting social detail is included in the accounts of the proceedings.

Black Education

A History of Education for Black Students in Fairfax County Prior to 1954 by Evelyn Darnell Russell-Porte
Call Number: VREF 371.829 R 2000 F
Publication Date: 2000
A 315-page dissertation, including tables, which provides a historical account of the educational developments for Black students in Fairfax County, Virginia.

Facts Pertaining to Negro Pupils and Teachers, Fairfax County Schools by Fairfax County School Board
Call Number: VRARE 372.9755 F
Publication Date: 1963
A mimeographed compilation of data on Black students and teachers of Fairfax County prepared in anticipation of requirements to desegregate the schools.

Louise Archer: The Educator and the School by Sylvia B. Taylor
Call Number: VRARE 372.975 T
Publication Date: 1986
This booklet was prepared to commemorate the principal of the Vienna Colored School, renamed in 1950 in her honor.

Selected Phases of Early Public Elementary Schools in Fairfax County, Virginia by Virginia Dowden Andrus
Call Number: VRARE 379.755 A
Publication Date: 1947
This is a typed manuscript of a thesis written for a master’s degree in education. The core of the work is a detailed examination of the elementary schools between 1870 and 1900, including much detail about the segregated Black student population.

The Development of the Public Elementary School System of Fairfax County, Virginia : From the School Year 1927-28 through the School Year 1941-42; with Indications of Trends and Growth by Harry Hunter Burks
Call Number: VRARE 379.755 B
Publication Date: 1942
This thesis submitted for a master’s degree in education contains much information about the segregated elementary schools of the county from 1927 to 1942, pointing out the deficiencies, trends and growth during the period.

Drew-Smith Elementary School Reunion: Celebrating A Proud Past
Call Number: VRARE 372.9755 D
Publication Date: 1997
This commemorative booklet pertains to a segregated school of the Gum Springs community built in 1951 that operated until 1965 when Fairfax County Public Schools were desegregated.

Dedication of Drew-Smith Elementary School, Gum Springs, Fairfax County, Virginia
Call Number: VRARE 372.9755 D
Publication Date: 1953
This booklet picturing officers, faculty, and students of the segregated school was prepared for the dedication of Drew-Smith Elementary on April 26, 1953.

Centennial Chronicle of Fairfax County Public Schools, Commonwealth of Virginia, 1870-1970 by Kathryn S. Hogan
Call Number: VRARE 379.755 H
Publication Date: 1991
The story of the growth of education in the county includes some consideration of the segregated schools in the system.

History of Public Secondary Education in Fairfax County by Lonnie J. Hinkle
Call Number: VRARE 373.755 H
Publication Date: 1971
This doctorate thesis includes a few references to Black secondary education. Specifically, at p.163 et seq and at p. 200, it is described how the Manassas Industrial School came to serve as the single secondary Black school in the region until Luther Jackson High School was opened in 1954 and served as a segregated school until integrated in 1965-66.

The Blood of the Lamb: A Story of the Manassas Industrial School for Colored Children Told Through The Eyes of Former Students by Dennis E Howard, Jr.
Call Number: VRARE 370.9755 H
Publication Date: 2008
In the absence of any other secondary schools available in Northern Virginia during segregation, this school in Prince William County served as a regional school for the surrounding counties with Fairfax County students as the single largest group. This book largely consists of recollections of those who attended the school.

Distribution of Pupil Membership By Race, September 30, 1970 by Fairfax County Public Schools Office of Statistical Support
Call Number: VRARE 379.755 F
Publication Date: 1971-1973
These are miscellaneous data tables dating from the 1970s giving in detail the racial composition of the county schools.

James Lee Elementary School : Text Of A Recorded Interview With Dr. and Mrs. E. B. Henderson Made At Falls Church, Virginia on June 13, 1969 by Edwin Bancroft Henderson
Publication Date: 1969
This item is a transcript of a June 1969 interview with Dr and Mrs. E. B. Henderson about the schooling provided in the area before desegregation.

Official Fairfax Records

Note: The volumes listed below do not relate specifically to Black Fairfax County residents, but include many in the record populations. Generally similar information can be found for other Virginia jurisdictions in the Virginia Room collection.

Fairfax County in 1860: A Collective Biography (7 volumes) by Edith M. Sprouse
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1996
Drawn essentially from the US census of 1860 with additions from newspaper accounts and other sources, these alphabetically-arranged volumes include much detailed information about free Black families in the county at the start of the Civil War.

Fairfax County, VA 1820 Federal Population Census by Lynn C. McMillion, L. C. and Jane K. Wall
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1976
This transcription includes many residents identified F/C (Free Colored) and enumerates by owner the number of their enslaved people by age and sex.

Virginia 1870 Census Index, County of Fairfax by Precision Indexing
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1989
The index primarily lists heads of household but includes all males from 50 years old and females from 70.

Abstracts of Claims for Civil War Losses, Fairfax County (3 volumes) by Beth Mitchell
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Depositions made to the Southern Claims Commission for losses incurred during the war include many situations involving the Black population.

Fairfax County, Virginia Death Register 1853-1896 by Elizabeth R. Frain
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 2002
With respect to deaths during slavery, deaths are organized under deaths of the owners to permit identification of family groups. Non-slave deaths are listed alphabetically by name of decedents, and identify people by race with many other details.

Fairfax County Will Books A & B 17421767 by June Whitehurst Johnson
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1982
The abstract entries include many references to slave holdings and their disposition after death.

Will Abstracts of Fairfax County, Virginia 1742–1801 (5 volumes) by Lydia S. Bontempo,
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1986
Many and perhaps most of the wills involve the disposition of enslaved people. 

Order Book Abstracts of Fairfax County, Virginia 1768-1770 
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
The legal proceedings of the court includes many race related issues including the illegal out of wedlock births of mulattos and the concealment of enslaved people for tax evasion purposes.

Fairfax County, Virginia,1749 Court Order Book by Charles Hamrick & Virginia Hamrick
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR 2003
Publication Date: 2003
See entry above.

Will Abstracts of Fairfax County, Virginia 1742 – 1801 (5 volumes) by Ruth and Sam Sparacio
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1986
Numerous wills include bequests of slave holdings. The reader is struck by the solicitude of the testators toward their heirs and the callous disposition of their slaves.

Abstracts of Wills and Inventories, Fairfax County, Virginia 1742 – 1801 by J. Estelle Stewart King
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR 1983
Publication Date: 1983
This small volume names legatees and provides other information including a few references to slave holdings.

Index to Fairfax County, Virginia Wills and Fiduciary Records 1742 – 1855 by Constance Ring
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1995
This alphabetical index includes many entries that concern the disposition of enslaved people. Microfilmed copies of the records are available in the Virginia Room.

Index of Marriages and Deaths Recorded in the Fairfax Journal, 1973-1987 by Frank Passuth 
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 2002
This is an alphabetically arranged index of anniversary, birth, engagement, marriage, and death announcements in the county newspaper.

Index to the Fairfax County Virginia Register of Marriages, 1853 – 1933 by Constance Ring, C. K. and Craig Scott
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1997
This index to the county marriage register covers more than 6,500 chronologically arranged entries, showing names as they appear on the license. Many of the entries are marked /c denoting that people were "colored".

Fairfax County Marriage License Index: 1934 – 1957 (2 volumes)
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
One volume is alphabetized by the name of grooms, the other by the name of the bride. License dates and clerk numbers are provided, but nothing is shown as to race.

Other Fairfax County

Upper Truro Parish Church Register: 1867–1943 (2 volumes) by Upper Truro Parish, Virginia
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1976
This photocopy of the church record of a White congregation includes a small number of former enslaved people who appear in the burial records.

Families of Pohick Church: Truro Parish, Fairfax County, Virginia (2 volumes) by Chester A. Liddle, Jr.
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1991 and 2012
These books contain a compilation of all persons whose names were entered in the church registers between 1875 and 1959. While a predominantly White church, there were also a number of Black congregants.

Brothers and Cousins: Confederate Soldiers and Sailors of Fairfax County, Virginia by William Page Johnson II
Call Number: VREF 929.3755 FAIR
Publication Date: 1995
While most of this volume is devoted to the names and military service details of county residents who fought in the Confederate army, a small section is devoted to those who fought in the Union army, including some whose race may be inferred from being in a “colored” military unit.

Clifton: Brigadoon in Virginia by Nan Netherton 
Call Number: VREF 975.529 N
Publication Date: 2007
The principal interest for Black researchers is the information on page 16 concerning William Beckwith, the last in a line of a family that came to the area in colonial times. After his death in 1863, his 16 slaves were freed and he left 200 acres at Devereux Station to them.

History in Action – Marah Christian Counseling 
Call Number: VREF 929.3755
Publication Date: 2009
This commemorative booklet dedicated to the founder of a Christian ministry in Vienna includes many family histories and individual biographies of Black residents in the area.

Leslie and Lutie L. Coates House at 3621 Centreville Road in Chantilly, Fairfax County by History Matters
Call Number: VRARE 720.9755 H
Publication Date: 2006
This binder includes documentation prepared for the Coates House in Chantilly before it was razed. The house was constructed circa 1935 in the Dutch Colonial Revival Style for Leslie Coates, a Black soldier and farmer whose family farmed in the area since the 1870s. The Coates family was prominent as landowners in the Black community and in the Chantilly Baptist Church.

Memories of Ravensworth: An Interview With Mr. Douglas Dove by Douglas Dove
Call Number: VRARE 975.529 D 1994
Publication Date: 1994
This is a transcription of an oral interview with a man born in 1911 that grew up on an estate just to the west of present day Prosperity Avenue and Little River Turnpike. The interview includes several references to Black residents in the area.

Molder of Men : Portrait of a “Grand Old Man”, Edwin Bancroft Henderson by James H. M. Henderson and Betty F. Henderson
Publication Date: 1985
Written by his son and daughter-in-law, this biography of Edwin Bancroft Henderson tells of his important role in physical education and as a leading activist in the Falls Church NAACP.

Guide My Feet: A Memoir by Dorothy H. Mann
Call Number: VREF B MANN
Publication Date: 2009
The first pages of this memoir by a Black woman concerns her youth in the Mount Pleasant community of Fairfax County.

Transcript of a Tape Recorded Interview with Dr. Edwin Bancroft Henderson
Publication Date: 1962
This is a wide-ranging interview about Black life and localities in the early 20th century.

Transcript of a Tape Recorded Interview with Dr. E. B. Henderson by WMAL Radio
Publication Date: 1966
In this wide-ranging interview, Henderson talks about such matters as segregation in public facilities, sports and civil rights, voting, racial discrimination during the Wilson administration, etc.

The Life of Edwin Bancroft Henderson and his Professional Contributions to Physical Education by Leon N. Coursey
Publication Date: 1971
This is a facsimile of a dissertation for a Doctor of Philosophy degree from Ohio State University, emphasizing Henderson’s role as the first male Black teacher of physical education.

Fairfax County Stories, 1607-2007  
Call Number: VREF 975.529 F 2007
Publication Date: 2007
A collection of Fairfax County histories written in commemoration of the 400th anniversary of the Jamestown Settlement. Included are stories related to the Black community:

  • John Sidney (Sid) Holland, Sr. : Doing What He felt Best for His Community by Dorothy Mann. 
    Mr. Holland was an activist who helped birth Luther Jackson High School and worked on affordable housing initiatives. He was affiliated with Mt. Pleasant Baptist Church.
  • Desegregation in the 1960’s by Linda Olsen Peebles. 
    Members of the Mount Vernon Unitarian Church were active in fair housing initiatives and school integration. Some – including activist Judy Street- participated in the march to Selma.
  • The Family History of John Bell and Clarence Raymond Summers, Sr. : A Bailey’s Crossroads Family by Houston M. Summers, Jr. 
    Traces a current Black family of Falls Church/Bailey’s Crossroads through generations, stretching back to enslaved ancestors.
  • Gentleman Jim Robinson: The Family’s Story by Mary Robinson Ewell as told to D.K. Nagy. 
    A widely known and respected free Black man in Fairfax County during the 1800’s, Robinson’s house served as a field hospital for Union troops during the Second Battle of Bull Run.

For General Genealogical Resources, See African American Genealogy Materials

From 1954-1965, Luther Jackson High School was the first and only public high school that Black students could attend in Fairfax County. For additional information about the desegregation of FCPS Schools visit Historic Records: Desegregation.

The Virginia Room has transcriptions for the following oral histories conducted with longtime Black residents of Fairfax County.

  • Alvin J. Brown on March 27, 1975
    Alvin Jason Brown (1897-1983) was a life long Black resident of the Great Falls/McLean area. In this interview conducted by C.J.S. Durham, Brown recalls the previous owners of Towlston Grange and former residents of the Towlston Road area.
  • Camille Brown on March 21, 2021
    Camille Washington Brown grew up in Bailey's Crossroads, VA, and attended the segregated FCPS schools James Lee Elementary, Lillian Cary Elementary, as well Luther Jackson High School before transferring to J.E.B. Stuart High School. She later went on to have a successful teaching career.
  • DeArmond J. Carter on March 28, 2021
    "Dee Dee" Carter (1955-) grew up in Vienna and recounts her early years attending Our Lady of Good Counsel School, the discrimination she encountered in Oakton High School in the early 1970s, and her later career.
  • Otrich Sharper Jackson Costley on April 10, 1985
    Otrich Costley (1900-1996), was the daughter of Selone Boston and Frederick Douglas Sharper. Her father was a farmer at Langley. The family later relocated to Odrick’s Corner, a Black community along Lewinsville Road and were involved with founding the historic Black church, Pleasant Grove Church in McLean. Otrick married Mott Jackson and then Cornelius Costley. 
  • Marion Dobbins on January 21, 2008
    Marion Dobbins, a life-long resident of Merrifield, Virginia, is a sixth-generation Fairfax County resident.
  • Phyllis Walker-Ford on March 15, 2021
    Phyllis Walker-Ford (1947-) grew up in Franconia and attended the segregated Drew-Smith Elementary and Luther Jackson High schools. Ford is a member of the Fairfax County History Commission and was very active in restoring the Laurel Grove School Museum.
  • Chrystal Gaskins on March 21, 2021
    In this summarized interview, Crystal Gaskins (1972-) recalls growing up in Reston and Centreville.
  • Helen Haight on May 16, 2009
    Helen Louise Marshall Haight was born in the Black community known as The Pines off of Woodburn Road. She describes her experiences of growing up near Merrifield in this summarized interview.
  • Joseph A. Heastie and Ernestine C. Heastie on May 14, 2008
    The Heasties have lived in Northern Virginia since 1974. Ernestine C. Heastie was the first Black member of the Fairfax County School Board.
  • Edwin B. Henderson II and Nickie Henderson on August 7, 2008
    Edwin Bancroft Henderson II, the grandson of Dr. E.B. Henderson, is the founder and Executive Director the Tinner Hill Heritage Foundation.
  • Robert Gibbs Whitmore on March 6, 2021
    Robert "Bobby" Gibbs Whitmore (1959-) describes his experiences growing up in Merrifield and the discrimination he faced in the 1960s and 1970s.
  • Aileen Wright on October 25, 2007
    Aileen Wright grew up in The Pines and Merrifield area in the 1930s.

Other Fairfax County oral histories involving Black History can be found at the repositories below.

Deacon Joseph Ellis (1909-1984) and James Donn (1905-1994)
The 1984 transcribed oral history of Deacon Joseph Ellis, a Black resident of the Dranesville area took place with James Donn. Joseph talks about conversations with Arthur Godfrey, gypsies, health issues life in Wiehle (today Reston), Herndon, and Dranesville. The combined interview can be found in the rare book section (VRARE B Donn) at the Fairfax County Public Library’s Virginia Room, the Great Falls Library, or by contacting the Great Falls Historical Society. Joseph’s December 2, 1982, five page abstract, plus a nine page handwritten abstract, and an October 28, 1983, four page handwritten abstract can be obtained at George Mason University’s Northern Virginia Oral History Project Collection, Series 4, Transcripts: Northern Virginia Changes (1972-1989), Box 14, folder 16 and in CD format at the George Mason University Oral History Project Collection.

Robert E. Frye Sr. (1936-)
Frye moved into Fairfax County in 1967. He served for 19 years on the Fairfax County School Board beginning in 1978. He was the first minority member-at-large on that board. He championed equality and fought against discrimination as the area emerged from the era of segregation to diversity. Frye's oral interview can be obtained in written or DVD format at the Fairfax County Public Library’s Virginia Room in Fairfax City under Braddock’s True Gold Manuscript Collection, MSS 13-02, or online at

Donald Galleher (1941-)
Galleher, a professor of writing and composition at George Mason University, talks about being concerned that the school lacked diversity assisted in getting Black students admitted to the school. He developed the Northern Virginia Writing Project, and spoke about historic and local events that affected the campus, particularly the Vietnam War. Two interviews for Donald, 1999 and 2011, can be found in CD format at the George Mason University Oral History Project Collection.

Leon Gamblel (1929-2015)
Gamblel addresses the racial prejudice that he and his family faced after moving to the Odrick’s Corner community of McLean in 1959 and his continued efforts in trying to overcome it. He was on the board of the McLean Citizens Association, master of Boy Scout Troop 1147, and named Lord Fairfax in 1989. Gamblel’s wife, Betty, headed up young people’s program, run by the Odrick’s Citizens Association, because there was no place for them to go. He further speaks of Neighbors for a Better Community which helped provide facilities for Black children to learn to swim. Gamblel’s 2008 interview can be found in Yesterday, Additional Recollections of McLean & Great Falls, Virginia on page 95. This book can be obtained at the Dolley Madison Library, Great Falls Library, and the Fairfax County Public Library’s Virginia Room.

Dr. Edwin B. Henderson (1883-1977)
Dr. Henderson was a promoter of Black involvement in sports and physical education. He introduced organized basketball on a wide scale in 1904 and is considered to be the “Grandfather of Black Basketball.” He was also an advocate for civil rights and established a branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in Falls Church. Two transcribed interviews, 1962 and 1969, can be located at the Fairfax County Public Library’s Virginia Room under the D’Anne Aultmann Evans Papers MSS 06-42. Three interviews, 1962, 1965, and 1969, can be found in cassette and transcribed format at the Northern Virginia Oral History Project Collection at George Mason University under Northern Virginia Community, 1955-1990, Series 1, Box 6 and Series 2, Box 15, Folders 10, 11, and 12. The 1962 interview discussed community life in Falls Church (ca 1910-1960) with emphasis on Black churches, schools, and organizations; Dr. Henderson’s 1965 story focused on race relations, education, and social life in Northern Virginia; and he was assisted by his wife during the 1969 interview in which they talked about the James Lee School in Falls Church. The transcribed interviews 1962 (35 pages), 1965 (21 pages), and 1969 (14 pages) are also available at the same collection under Series 3, Transcripts: Northern Virginia Community, 1962-1988, Box 15, Folders 10, 11, and 12.

Columbus "Lum" Honesty (1894-1974)
Columbus, or Lum as he was known, resided off Beulah Road near Vienna. He was a World War I veteran and had a reputation as a comedian. Columbus often worked as a helper for E. E. Lyons & Company and as a day laborer for Faust and Freemont Day. His 1972 interview discussing life in the Black community in Vienna can be found in cassette format ant a one page abstract at the George Mason University Oral History Project Collection, Series 1: Northern Virginia Community, 1958-1990. Box 6.

Dennis Howard Jr. (1950-2018)
Howard spent over 30 years tracing his family’s history. He included many family members in his story and their role in developing Fairfax County and Northern Virginia. In this interview he speaks of his grandfather’s farm in Merrifield, the First Baptist Church of Merrifield, Gallows Road, Prosperity Avenue, Manassas Industrial Park, integration within the school system, cemeteries, and the Ilda community. This 2005 oral interview can be found in its entirety at and in CD-ROM format at Fairfax County Public Library’s Virginia Room.

Ora Lawson (1920-2012)
Lawson, a teacher, settled into a house in the Lewinsville Corridor with her husband, Harold, in 1951. She discusses in this oral interview the Shiloh Baptist Church, Neighbors for a Better Community, the Pleasant Grove Church and Odrick’s Corner School, where her brother Cecil Robinson was the principal and teacher. She spent some time talking about Blakley Weaver, an early Black developer in McLean. Ora’s 2006 interview can be found in Yesterday, 100 Recollections of McLean & Great Falls, Virginia, beginning on page 241. This book can be obtained at the Dolley Madison Library, Great Falls Library, the Fairfax County Public Library’s Virginia Room, or by contacting the McLean Historical Society.

Bladen Oswald Robinson (1910-1999)
Robinson a Black educator, spent over 40 years in the Fairfax County Public Schools, first as a teacher and in 1948 he took on the position of principal at the Vienna Colored School (today’s Louise Archer Elementary). When the schools were integrated in the county, Robinson was a primary force in making it work. His 1970 interview discussing his role as an educator in Fairfax County can be found in cassette format and a two page abstract at the Northern Virginia Oral History Project Collection at George Mason University under Northern Virginia Community, 1958-1990, Series 1, Box 10.

Laures Robinson (1883-1985) and Lillian Robinson (1912-?)
Laures and Lillian Robinson grew up in the Black community in Centreville. In their 1983 interview they talk about life in their community, ca.1895-1982. Lillian specifically addresses attending school in New Jersey, working for a family in the District, taking in foster children, and mid-wifing after marriage. Their interview can be found in cassette format and a five page abstract at George Mason University’s Northern Virginia Oral History Project Collection, Series 2, Northern Virginia Changes (1962-1990), Box 10. The five page abstract and a nine page handwritten abstract can also be obtained at Series 4, Transcripts: Northern Virginia Changes (1972-1989), Box 16, Folder 12.

Capt. Darryl Conrad Smith (1950-)
Captain Smith, born in 1950, was the first Black police officer in Herndon. He spoke of his schooling when growing up, desegregation, how he became Herndon’s first Black officer in 1973, and stories as an officer. Captain Smith’s 2001 interview can be obtained by contacting Chuck Mauro at

Frederick Washington (1926-2016)
Washington was born in Herndon in 1926. He describes some of the difficulties of growing up in Herndon and discrimination against Blacks. He related stories of other Blacks in the area, attending school, Cooktown, and how the police treated minorities. Washington’s 2001 interview can be obtained by contacting Chuck Mauro at

Nancy Waters
Waters talks about a Black settlement in Herndon known as Cooktown. She said that the area was named Cooktown after Frederick Cook, a Black landowner who purchased the property in 1893 for his family. It remained a segregated community until the late 1960s, when there were about 12 families living there with dirt roads and no running water. Water’s 2001 interview can be obtained by contacting Chuck Mauro at

Ernest E. Webb (1887-1975)
Webb lived in the Lewinsville area of McLean. He was a long time member of Gunnel’s Chapel United Methodist Church on Georgetown Pike and joined the William Watters United Methodist Church when the two merged. After retiring from the government, he sold home grown fruits and vegetables for over 20 years from a stand in front of his house on Balls Hill Road. Webb's 1972 transcribed oral history can be found at the Fairfax County Public Library’s Virginia Room under the D’Anne Aultmann Evans Papers MSS 06-42. This same interview can be obtained in cassette format and a five page transcript at the Northern Virginia Oral History Project Collection at George Mason University under Series 1, Northern Virginia Community, 1958-1990, Box 12.

William A. West (1874-1978)
West, a Vienna resident, talks about his life experiences as a Black man in Fairfax County. He is buried in the Pleasant Grove Cemetery in McLean. His 1974 transcribed oral interview can be found at the Fairfax County Public Library’s Virginia Room rare book section under VRARE B West. Four additional interviews are available at the Northern Virginia Oral History Project Collection at George Mason University under Northern Virginia Community, 1955-1990, Series 1, Box 12 and 13. They are as follows: A 1970 cassette and 14 page transcript titled “Student’s and Teacher’s Reminiscences of the Black School of Fairfax County (ca1875-1955);” A 1971 cassette with no title; A 1974 Part 1 cassette and 72 page transcript titled “Black Community Life in and Around Vienna (ca.1870-1940); and a 1974 Part 2 cassette and 67 page transcript titled “Black Community Life in and Around Vienna (ca.1870-1960).

FCPL Manuscript Collections featuring Black History

Since 1964, The Virginia Room has been collecting and preserving original records and documents of the organizations, businesses, and individuals of Fairfax County. Below is a list of our collections containing subjects related to Fairfax County Black History. Processed collections have a highlighted hyperlink to their finding aids. Unprocessed collections without a finding aid remain closed to researchers at this time. Please email to make an appointment to view processed collections.

Gum Springs, Virginia Collection, MSS 03-10
The Gum Springs, Virginia Collection spans the years 1915-1991 and consists of correspondence, a book manuscript, consulting reports, minutes, newspaper clippings, oral history interview, blueprints, and cost estimates. Subjects covered are freedman; African American community life; the Gum Springs Black History Museum study including related community meetings; and the War on Poverty.

Neighbors for a Better Community Records, MSS 05-08 (unprocessed)
The Neighbors for a Better Community (NBC) was formed in 1963 to fight racial prejudice in the Dranesville District of Fairfax County. This collection dates from 1963-1979 and includes meeting minutes, attendance lists, mailing lists, membership lists, correspondence, histories, and award files.

Carter Family Collection, MSS 07-13 (unprocessed)
This collection contains uncataloged photographs of members of the Carter family of Vienna, Virginia dating from the 1920s-1950s. Also included is a class photo of the Vienna Colored School from the 1930s.

Mary Goins Roots Collection, MSS 07-26    
The Mary Goins Roots Collection spans the years 1915-2017 and consists of family papers, correspondence, programs, yearbooks, awards and certificates, vital records, newspaper articles, identification badges and cards, obituaries, photographs, photo albums, a scrapbook, property records, yearbooks, and other school ephemera. Subjects covered are Mary Goins Roots; her family; and her ancestors including the Coffer, Goins, Jeffrey, Pearson and Wright families; the Sideburn Civic Association; Greater Little Zion Baptist Church; Fairfax County Public Schools; and Charles County Public Schools.

Donald M. Sweig Manuscript Papers on Registrations of Free Negroes, MSS 08-11    
The Donald M. Sweig Manuscript Papers on Registration of Free Negroes spans the years 1976-1977 and consists entirely of photocopies of original archival material of registrations of free Blacks in Fairfax County and Fredericksburg, Virginia from 1790-1862. Sweig used the Fairfax County materials as sources for his 1977 book Registrations of Free Negroes. The "Certificates and Registry of Free Negroes. City of Fredericksburg, Va. 1790-1862" are copied from original records in the Fredericksburg Court House and includes a typed compiled index. 

John Terry Chase Manuscript Papers on Gum Springs: The Triumph of a Black Community (1990), MSS 08-22
The Chase collection covers the years 1987-1989 and contains copies of primary and secondary historical documents, author’s notes, and manuscript drafts for his 1990 book Gum Springs: The Triumph of a Black Community. Subjects covered are the Gum Springs neighborhood in Fairfax County, Virginia; Gum Springs’ founder West Ford; the relationship between Gum Springs and Mount Vernon; Black history; and race relations.

Andrew M.D. Wolf Oral History Tape Collection, MSS 13-05 (unprocessed)
Andrew Wolf's Collection of oral histories contains six tapes featuring oral interviews he conducted as a high school student with seven longtime Black residents of Fairfax County: Mrs. Benjamin E. Brent, Ruby Carter Coleman, Francis H. Honesty, Florence Boston Smith, Margaret Coates Smith, and William West. Wolf used these interviews as source material for his book Black Settlement in Fairfax County, Virginia During Reconstruction (1975).

FCPL Photographic Collections featuring Black History

Black History in The Photographic Archive of Fairfax County, Virginia - The General Collection (Index)
The Photographic Archive of Fairfax County, Virginia includes more than 13,000 images of the people places and events of Fairfax County. To view the index to the entire photo collection click here.

Black History in the Stuntz Collection on Rambler Photographs (Index)
The Stuntz Collection of Rambler Photographs consists of 485 print photographs dating from 1900-1922 and taken in Virginia by J. Harry Shannon for “The Rambler” column which ran in the Washington Evening Star newspaper from 1912 to 1928. The prints were made from the original negatives which are stored off-site. Descriptions of each image are in J. Harry Shannon’s own words, and the negatives are arranged numerically according to Shannon’s numbering system. The subjects vary from the famous to the mundane, including old houses, cemeteries, roads, public buildings, and battlefields. Counties and cities in Virginia include Alexandria, Appomattox, Arlington, Caroline, Fairfax, Fredericksburg, Harrisonburg, Loudoun, Prince William, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Warren, Westmoreland, York, and Jefferson County, WV. o view the index to the entire photo collection click here.

Biographical Files on Notable Fairfax County Black Residents and Families

The Virginia Room's Biography Files consist of two file cabinets of folders arranged alphabetically by the surname of Fairfax County families or individuals. The files include news clippings, articles, obituaries, genealogies, photocopies, correspondence, unpublished reports, family histories, and copies of historical documents. Occasionally, approximate birth and death dates and occupation for individuals have been included in the folder title. The files act as a starting point for researchers seeking local family history or biographical information on local individuals. Library staff are continuously adding to these files. 

Listed below are files pertaining to notable Black residents and families of Fairfax County:

Archer, Louise A. Reeves (1893-1948) - School principal

Beckwith, Minnie (1871-?) - FCPS Teacher

Brooks, Lucy Goode (1819-?) - Freed slave and founder of Black orphanage

Campbell, Lynnwood - Alexandria resident

Cary, Lott (1782-?) - Freed slave and leader of Liberia

Coates, Leslie R. (1907-1997) - Anti-segregationist

Dean, Gladys (1906-2012) - 105-year old resident of Vienna

Dean, Jennie (1852-1913) - Founder of Manassas Industrial School

Foote, Frederick - Black economic pioneer

Ford, West (1784-1863) - Former slave and founder of Gum Springs community

Harris, Jesse (1795-1875) - Early "Free Black" Resident

Holland, Charles (1910-?) - Tenor

Honesty Family - Longtime Black family

Hudgins, Catherine M. - Member, Board of Supervisors Hunter Mill District

Jackson, John (1924-2002) - Local bluesman

Jackson, Luther  (1892-1950) -  Educator and historian

Langston, John Mercer (?-1897) - Virginia congressman

Lovelace, George E. - Vienna's first Black councilman

Loving Family - Interracial married couple

Lusk, Rodney - Member County Planning Commission, Board of Supervisors Lee District

Nickens Family - Free Black family in early America

Peyton, Minnie H. (1889-1985) - Bailey's Crossroads activist

Pinkett Family - Longtime Fairfax County family

Pryor, Henry

Quander Family - Longtime Fairfax County family

Robinson Family - Free Black family on Manassas Battlefield

Sharper Family - Descendants of freed slave Daniel Sharper

Shiver, Jube Burrell (1922-2010) - Real estate developer 

Smith, Andrew (1911-1978) - City of Fairfax resident

Smith, Joshua -  Author

Syphax Family - Longtime Fairfax County family

West, William A. (1874-1978) - One of the first Black teachers in Fairfax County

Historic Landmark Files and Vertical Files on Fairfax County Black History Topics

Since the establishment of the Virginia Room, librarians have continuously maintained vertical subject files on Fairfax County’s history and infrastructure. The Virginia Room's Vertical and Historic Landmark Files consist of over 2,000 files on Fairfax County historical landmarks, communities, buildings, neighborhoods, churches, schools, and general county topics. The files contain newspaper clippings, reports, brochures, photocopies, correspondence, ephemera, and articles and are accessible in the Virginia Room.

Listed below are files pertaining to Fairfax County Black History:

HLF - Carrolltown Community

HLF - Churches - Bethlehem Baptist Church of Gum Springs - Alexandria (Va.)

HLF - Churches - Cartersville Baptist Church - Reston (Va.)

HLF - Churches - Cub Run Primitive Baptist Church - Centreville (Va.)

HLF - Churches - First Baptist Church of Merrifield - Merrifield (Va.)

HLF - Churches - Laurel Grove Baptist - Franconia (Va.)

HLF - Churches - Little Zion Baptist Church - Burke (Va.)

HLF - Churches - Mount Calvary Community Church - Franconia (Va.)

HLF - Churches - Mount Zoar Baptist Church - Fairfax (Va.)

HLF - Churches - William Watters United Methodist Church - McLean (Va.)

VF - Desegregation

VF - Discrimination

FX - Fairfax - Schools - Fairfax Colored School [Rosenwald]

VF - Fairfax County Human Rights Commission

VF - Fx. Co. - Government - Discrimination

HLF - Gum Springs - History

HLF - Herndon - Riot (1974)

HLF - Ilda

VF - Libraries - Desegregation

HLF - Merrifield - Odd Fellows Hall - 2931 Gallows Road

HLF - Merrifield Area - History

VF - Minorities

HLF - Oak Grove

HLF - Odrick's Corner Area - History

VF - Parks - Fairfax Co. - Olander and Margaret Banks Community Park

VF - Roads - Racial Discrimination Suit (1971-1978)

HLF - Rosenwald Schools

VF - Schools - Desegregation - Fairfax County

VF - Schools - Desegregation - Virginia - (Pre-1960)

VF - Schools - Desegregation - Virginia - (1960-1969)

VF - Schools - Desegregation - Virginia - (1970-1975)

VF - Schools - Desegregation - Virginia - (1976 & later)

VF - Schools - Discrimination

VF - Schools - Elementary - Louise Archer E.S.

VF - Schools - Elementary - James Lee E.S.

VF - Schools - Elementary - Floris Colored School

VF - Schools - Elementary - Forestville Colored School

VF - Schools - High - Luther Jackson H.S.

VF - Schools - Students - Minorities

VF - Slavery

VF - Slavery - Underground Railroad

HLF - Springdale Subdivision

HLF - Vienna - Black History

HLF - Zion Road Community - (Sideburn Area)

Files on Historic Fairfax County Black Cemeteries

The Virginia Room Cemetery Files contain files on over 400 Fairfax County cemeteries ranging from private cemeteries to military burials to church cemeteries. The files are largely the work of former Virginia Room Historian-Archivist Brian Conley who published a report in 1994 entitled “Cemeteries of Fairfax County, Virginia: A Report to the Board of Supervisors” which listed the location, condition and contents of the known private cemeteries located within the county. The files contain surveys, articles, reports, tombstone transcriptions, and occasionally photographs.

Listed below are available vertical files on historic Black cemeteries in Fairfax County:

Bethlehem Baptist Church, Collingwood and Riverside Roads, Alexandria (FX197)

Cartersville Baptist Church, 1727 Hunter Mill Road, Centreville (FX241)

Chantilly Baptist Church, 14312 Chantilly Baptist Lane, Chantilly (FX157)

Clark's Chapel, 7520 Rolling Road, Springfield (FX035)

Clifton Primitive Baptist Church, 7200 Main Street, Clifton (FX299)

Clifton Union, 7348 Clifton Road, Clifton (FX075)

Coleman Cemetery, 1900 Collingwood Road, Alexandria (FX196)

Cub Run Memorial Gardens, Naylor Road, Centreville (FX072)

Cub Run Primitive Baptist Church, 15602 Compton Road, Centreville (FX342)

First Baptist Church Chesterbrook, 1740 Kirby Road, McLean (FX021)

Ford/Ellis/Simms Cemetery, 1011 Seneca Road, Great Falls (FX290)

Frying Pan Baptist Meeting House and Burial Grounds, 2615 Centreville Road, Herndon (FX054)

Galloway United Methodist Church, 2750 Annandale Road, Falls Church (FX132)

Grayson Family Cemetery, Blunt Lane, Alexandria (FX401)

Guinea Road Cemetery, Guinea Road and Little River Turnpike, Annandale (FX259)

Harris Family Cemetery, 7700 Bull Run Drive, Centreville (FX200) 

Ilda Methodist Church, 8717 Little River Turnpike, Annandale (FX402)

Jackson Family Cemetery, 5690 Leather Way,  Burke (FX126)

Jermantown Cemetery, south side of Route 50, Fairfax (FX015)

Laurel Grove Baptist Church, 6834 Beulah Street, Franconia (FX033)

Little Bethel Cemetery, 10255 Zion Drive, Burke (FX249)

Little Zion Baptist Church - Pearson Cemetery, 10018 Burke Lake Road, Burke (FX019)

Mount Pleasant Baptist Church, 6477 Lincolnia Road, Alexandria (FX025)

Mt. Moriah Baptist Church, terminus of Milstead Road, Great Falls (FX326)

Mt. Pleasant Baptist Church, 13614 Coppermine Road, Herndon (FX063)

Neal Family Cemetery, 2741 Sutton Road, Vienna (FX420)

Old “Colored” Graveyard, 11401 Lee Highway, Fairfax (FX285)

Orrison Slave Cemetery, Backyard of 1606 Permit Court, Herndon (FX412)

Parker/Green Family Cemetery, Blue Topaz Lane, Centreville (FX178)

Peake Family Cemetery, 815 Fordson Road, Gum Springs (FX003)

Pearson Family Cemetery, 6422 Edgewater Drive, Burke (FX107)

Pleasant Grove Methodist Church, 8741 Lewinsville Road, McLean (FX061)

Pleasant Valley Memorial Park, 8420 Little River Turnpike, Annandale (FX188)

Robinson Family Cemetery, Robinson Lane, Centreville (FX073)

Robinson/Pearson/Hicks Family Cemetery, 8100 Wolftrap Road, Vienna (FX005)

Second Baptist Church of Falls Church, 6626 Costner Road, Falls Church (FX136)

Shiloh Baptist Church - New Section, 1331 Spring Hill Road, McLean (FX305)

Shiloh Baptist Church - Old Section, 3215 Dunsinane Court, McLean (FX306)

Slave Cemetery - Beaufort, 7301 Georgetown Pike, McLean (FX216)

Slave Cemetery - Belvale, 5300 Glen Green Court, Alexandria (FX291)

Slave Cemetery - Bull Run Marina, Yates Ford Road, Clifton (FX154)

Slave Cemetery - Compton Road, 13911 Rock Still Court, Centreville (FX277)

Slave Cemetery - Gunnell's Run, 600 Innsbruck Road, Great Falls (FX343)

Slave Cemetery - Kirkside, Kirkside Subdivision, Mount Vernon (FX391)

Slave Cemetery - Mason Neck, 11107 Gunston Road, Lorton (FX392)

Slave Cemetery - Mount Air, 8600 Accotink Road, Lorton (FX283)

Slave Cemetery - Mt. Vernon, Mount Vernon on the Potomac, (FX280)

Slave Cemetery - Salona, 1214 Buchanan Street, McLean (FX270)

Slave Cemetery - Strawberry Vale, Tysons Corner (FX382)

Slave Cemetery - Turley Hall, south side of Barnesfield Road, Chantilly (FX304)

Sons and Daughters of Liberty Cemetery at The Pine Ridge Park, 3401 Woodburn Road, Annandale (FX187)

Sons and Daughters of Liberty Cemetery, Orchard Street, Vienna (FX081)

Unnamed Cemetery - Exact location unknown, (FX390)

Unnamed Cemetery - Sylvan Way, 8250 Sylvan Way, Clifton (FX364)

Unnamed Cemetery - Walney, Centreville (FX407)

Unnamed Cemetery - Wolf Run Shoals Road, Fountainhead Regional Park, Fairfax Station (FX338)

West End Cemetery, 500 Lewis Street, Vienna (FX055)

Williams Family Cemetery, 8327 Wolf Trap Road, Vienna (FX004)

Woodlawn United Methodist Church, 7730 Fordson Road, Alexandria (FX090)

Fairfax Court Slavery Index

In June 2015, Fairfax Circuit Court Historic Records Center staff started a project that would create a master index of enslaved persons (and those subject to some form of involuntary servitude) who appear in the records of the Fairfax Circuit Court Clerk’s Office between the years 1742 and 1870. The Fairfax Court Slavery Index has captured the names of thousands of enslaved and indentured persons who lived in Fairfax County, but the Index will never be a complete record of all the enslaved who lived here. The development of the Fairfax Court Slavery Index is an ongoing project. The index is available as a card catalog at the Historic Records Center.

Northern Virginia History Notes (blog by Debbie Robison)

List of Blacks in Fairfax County, VA, 1866-1869
The following chart is an extract from personal property tax ledgers of the number of black men age 21 years or older living in each African American household in Fairfax County, Virginia by year. 

Slave Marriages in Northern Virginia, 1825-1867
After the Civil War, the Freedmen's Bureau issued marriage certificates to former slaves to document marriages entered into during enslavement. This list documents couples who were married when enslaved. 

Northern Virginia Slavery Database
This database searches for enslaved people in Fairfax and Loudoun Counties. The database was built from birth, death, and probate court records.

Fairfax County seal